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Glossary


Scenerybuilder Terminology

Foundation – The additional scale 1m of wall included below maximum ground level for embedment into the scenery

Structure – The card base layer of a model building.

Texture – The printed surface of a part or all of a model building.

General Building Terminology Applicable to Scale Models

Barge board – Vertical board at the top of a gable wall under the verge of a roof.

Bat (brickwork) – A brick cut crossways to give a reduced length – usually quarter, half or three-quarter bats.

Brace – A diagonal member used to prevent part of a structure from deflecting.

Brick bond – The methods of laying bricks to give different patterns while ensuring that no vertical joints align with those of the higher or lower course.

Cantilever – A projecting beam or structure which is fixed at one end only.

Cill or Sill – Bottom horizontal member of a window or door frame often with a sloping projection to allow rainwater to run off.

Coping – Stone or concrete slabs or a metal flashing laid on top of a masonry wall as a decorative finish and to shed rainwater. The coping is normally wider than the wall to allow an overhang on both sides of the wall.

Corbelling – The projection of masonry formed by building successive courses outwards by a small amount to form small steps with each additional course.

Course – A row of bricks, stone or concrete blocks in a wall.

Dormer window – window in a dormer (part of a roof which protrudes from the sloping plane of a roof).

Downpipe or RWP – The pipe used to take water from the guttering to the drainage system.

Eaves – Lowest edge of a pitched roof

Fascia – Vertical board at the top of a wall where it meets the roof.

Flashing – Soft metal (often lead or aluminium) waterproofing dressed over joints e.g. between a roof and a wall or chimney. If it is dressed under slates or tiles it is called a soaker.

Gable – The portion of the front or side of a building enclosed by or masking the end of a pitched roof.

Gutter – The water collecting channel at the lowest point of a roof.

Glazing bar – small timber, aluminium or PVCu bar between adjacent panes of glass.

Head – top horizontal member of a window or door frame.

Header – A brick or stone block laid so that one of its short faces is visible in the face of a wall.

Hip – External corner on a pitched roof

Lintel – A horizontal beam of timber, stone, concrete or steel spanning doorways and window openings in a wall to support the structure above.

Mortar joint – Bonding joint in brickwork or stonework

Mullion – Vertical fixed member between a window cill or sill and window head.

Parapet – Wall along the edge of a roof, balcony or bridge.

Pier – A vertical column of brickwork or stonework built into a wall at the ends and/or at intervals along it’s length.

Pitched roof – Sloping roof

Rendering – Mortar covering of a wall.

Reveal – Vertical brick or stone return face at the side of a window or door opening.

Ridge – Highest edge of a pitched roof.

Soaker – Soft metal (often lead or aluminium) waterproofing similar to a flashing but dressed under the slates or tiles.

Stretcher – A brick or stone block laid so that one of its long faces is visible in the face of a wall.

Timber framed building or wall – composed of structural wooden components, usually infilled with masonry or wattle and daub.

Valley – Internal corner on a pitched roof.

Verge – the part of a pitched roof that projects beyond the gable wall.

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One Response to “Glossary”

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